This stone is never perfectly shaped in nature. A diamond always needs a cut. Without additional processing, no diamond looks as great as after a cutter had a hand in it. It is the master who creates beautiful facets, thanks to which the play with light begins and the stone begins to sparkle and sparkle. To begin with, the cutter conducts a thorough examination to determine the boundaries for the separation of the faces. To do this, he uses a 10x magnifying glass. After that, grinding begins, which sets the shape of the diamond.
Top 10 Diamond Cuts
The most popular diamond shape is the classic Round. This was invented by the mathematician Marcel Tolkovsky in 1919, and so far no one has dared to change it. Then he explained that the classical number of facets is 57, and the light penetrating through them goes through the following stages: • penetrates into the diamond and passes through the entire surface; • there is a refraction of light; • then a reflection from the bottom; • at the end, the beam acquires a rainbow hue, which returns back, creating the same play of light. The round cut can contain both 33 and 17 facets. However, 57 perfectly reveal the brilliance of an impressive diamond, and the rest are suitable for medium and small stones.
The oval cut appeared after the round cut. And now it is considered the second most popular. Oval diamonds also have 57 facets.
Baguette diamonds, as the name implies, have a rectangular or trapezoid shape. The number of facets varies, but the most popular is 12. Baguette cut is appropriate for small stones. But it is worth noting that in jewelry, such diamonds are ideal for framing a larger stone.
This form of diamonds was invented for true romantics, it is unusual and difficult to process (the number of facets is usually 57-58), but items with “hearts” always look romantic and are remembered for a long time. Remember, at least the “Heart of the Ocean” (a diamond from the movie “Titanic”) or the incredible Blue Diamond of the Great Mughals.
The cut, which has 55 facets, belongs to the varieties of oval cut, but has the main difference - pointed limbs and resembles a small boat.
The rectangular shaped princess has the same beautiful radiance as round shaped diamonds. For engagement rings, this shape is one of the most popular after the circle. A princess can have 49, 65 or 68 faces.
The pear has 55 or 56 facets. It is considered a transitional option between the oval and "Marquise" cuts. Pears look great in both earrings and engagement rings.
Such an elegant cut is used not only for diamonds, but also for other expensive stones. The most popular number of facets is 57 and 65. The shape of the cut resembles a rectangle with large facets. If the stone is small, then it makes no sense to process it in this technique. Now there is not only a rectangular, but also a square shape of such a cut.
Visually, the cushion is very similar to the emerald cut, but unlike the latter, it has a square shape with a different number of facets, which will depend on the weight. The greater weight of the stone makes it possible to increase the number of faces and vice versa.
This is one of the newest ways to process diamonds and it comes from Holland. Triliant has a different number of faces, but the most popular are 19, 37 and 52. Its name comes from an equilateral triangle that has smooth and sharp corners. The main feature of the cut is that the facets will have a shape and quantity depending on the desires and fantasies of the jeweler, but also on the original size of the diamond.